These divisions were having their autonomous rulers. In the year 1859, Sardinia-Piedmont with an alliance with France defeated the Austrian forces. Frederic Sorrieu, a French artist, visualised his dream of a world made up of ‘democratic and social Republics’, and presented it to the world and promoted the spirit of nationalism. In March 1849 the parliament adopted a federal constitution of German states, excluding Austria, with a parliamentary government and a hereditary emperor. Italy had scattered dynasties and Habsburg Empire. 18. Who was Wolfe Tone? CBSE 10th Social Science important questions and answers of History Chapter 1 are given here. Napoleon’s administrative measures were altered. (a) abolition of conservatism. Frankfurt Parliament: A large number of political associations comprising of professionals, businessmen  and prosperous artisans came together in the city of Frankfurt and decided to vote for an all-German National  Assembly. On the northern wall, there’s the “Allegory of Good Government”, a complex symbolic representation of just political rule, based on the principles of justice and the common good.Two figures stand out (they are bigger than the rest): Justice, guided by Divine Wisdom, and Good Government, personification … thanks once again. The following changes were introduced by Napoleon to make the administrative system more efficient in the territories ruled by him : Question 1. [AI 2012] Napoleon introduced many reforms to simplify the administration and to make the whole system more efficient. Zolleverin started in 1834 in Prussia refers to a CBSE Revision Notes for CBSE Class 10 Social Science HIS The Rise of Nationalism in Europe HIS The Rise of Nationalism in Europe: (a)The growth of nationalism in Europe after the 1830s. Marianne, a Christian name became the allegory of France. Italy Unified. Here we present The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Class 10 Important Questions and Answers Pdf Social Science History Chapter 1, We have collected all the important questions which came in the previous year exams. Prussia emerged victorious after fighting three wars over seven years against the combined forces of Austria,  Denmark and France and the process of unification of Germany was completed. Germania, the allegory of German nation, wear a crown of oak leaves, as the German-Oak stands for heroism. (c) Mazzini Cavour used international power to achieve his domestic goals. Industrialization began in England, a working class and liberalism emerged. His idea of nationalism excludes class-based divisions and he divides the people marching in the scene by their nations. 1. (c) reduce custom duties. Italy. Modern State: A state in which sovereignty is exercised by a centralised power over a specific territory and population. Search by Keyword. Zollverein: A customs union formed in 1834 at the initiative of Prussia. A large part of the Balkans was under the control of the Ottoman Empire. In view of the above reforms it is stated that through a return to monarchy, Napoleon had, no doubt, destroyed democracy in France, but in the administrative field, he had incorporated revolutionary principles in order to make the whole system more rational and efficient. Nationalism did not exist in Europe in the Middle Ages (in its present form). The British parliament was henceforth dominated by its English members. French people wore these  caps a few days before the storming of the Bastille. (d) Johann Gottfried Herder Plebiscite: The direct vote of all the members of an electorate on an important public question such as a change  in the constitution. Similarly, Germania became the allegory of the German nation. During the mid-18th century, Europe was divided into several small kingdoms and principalities. (b) Lombardy Liberal-nationalits mainly belong to which class? (a) French citizens living in Vietnam Which of the following countries is considered as the ‘cradle of civilization’? (b) Treaty of Vienna (d) Aristocratic nobles, 27. How was the history of nationalism in Britain unlike the rest of Europe? (c) Peace Ethnic: Relates to a common racial, tribal or cultural origin or background that a community identifies with or claims. (a) A society where everybody is equal. The Class 10 Social Science Chapter 1 in History is available for free in PDF. 10. Question 4. [AI 2011] In France, the middle class, which consisted of professionals, businessmen and rich artisans, fought to abolish monarch and establish a republic based on universal male suffrage. Or Once the empire was established, he actively and skilfully pursued pacific policies in foreign affairs, succeeding  in preserving the peace in Europe for about two decades. Ernst Renan, a French philosopher, gave the new definition of a nation. ... • Founded Young Italy in Marseellies, Young Europe in Berne. One of the major issues taken up by the liberal-nationalists, who criticised the new conservative order, was freedom of the press. Cavour was a realist who practiced realistic politics. The British imposed control over Ireland as well. Frederick William IV of Prussia was chosen emperor but he refused to accept the crown from a popularly elected assembly and the entire scheme failed. Ottoman Empire: A former Turkish empire ruled by the Caliph, the spiritual and temporal head of the Muslims. Out of them, only Sardinia-Piedmont was ruled by an Italian princely house. Ambrogio Lorenzetti, Allegory of Good Government, Effects of Good Government in the City and the Country, and Allegory and Effects of Bad Government in the City and the Country, Siena c. 1337-40, fresco, Sala della Pace (Hall of Peace) also know as the Sala dei Nove (the Hall of the Nine), 7.7 x 14.4 meters (room), Palazzo Pubblico, Siena Speakers: Dr. Beth Harris and Dr. … This Code  did away with all privileges based on birth, established equality before the law and secured the right to property. Louise Otto-Peters: He was a German suffragist and feminist who wrote novels, poetry, essays and libretti. Giuseppe Mazzini, a famous Italian revolutionary was born in 1807 in Genoa. What did the crown of oak leaves symbolise? This code was exported to the regions of Switzerland, Italy and Germany.It also abolished the feudal system and freed peasants from serfdom.Taxation and censorship were imposed and military services were made mandatory. 1 ) The process of unification of ITALY was the work of 3 main leaders, Giuseppe Garibaldi, Count Cavour, and Victory Emmanuel II . (c) An idealist society that can never be achieved. They drafted a constitution for a German nation to be headed by  a monarchy subject to a parliament. Regional dialects were discouraged and French, as it was spoken and written in Paris, became the common language of the nation. 8. Who said, “when France sneezes the rest of Europe catches cold”? (a) at the church of St. Paul. He reorganized its army and it achieved rapid growth in material prosperity. By going through these notes, students can get a good grip and a clear insight into all the essential concepts. Romanticism: A cultural movement that rejected science and reason and introduced heart and emotions. I recommended many students for these notes . (e) Uniform system of weights and measures. Conservative forces were able to suppress liberal movements in 1848, but could not restore the old order. In mid-19th century – it was divided in 7 states of which Sardinia-Piedmont was ruled by Italian princely house. The Italian language had yet t… Marianne images were marked on coins and stamps too. He was distrustful of the reactionary politics in force throughout Europe, particularly their manifestation in the repressive rule of Austria over a large area of Italy. (c) It resulted in the formation of the ‘United Kingdom of Great Britain’. (a) Peace Students can solve NCERT Class 10 Social Science The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Multiple Choice Questions … This product is for the short story "Terrible Things by Eve Bunting". (c) Justice He was sent into exile in 1831 for attempting a revolution in Liguria. The concept of nationalism emerged in Europe during the nineteenth century. (d) Elites of Vietnam. On 18th January 1871, the new German Empire headed by the German Emperor Kaiser William I was declared  in the Hall of Mirrors in the Palace of Versailles. On the 18 January 1871, the princes of the German states, representatives of the army,  important Prussian ministers including Otto von Bismarck gathered in the Palace of  Versailles to proclaim the new German Empire headed by Kaiser William I of Prussia. The 1830s saw a rise in prices, bad harvest and poverty in Europe. An allegorical story has two meanings, one literal and one symbolic. (b) Giuseppe Mazzini The Ottoman Empire was ruled by the emperor of PART ONE: SETTING THE SCENE: THE CAVE AND THE FIRE The cave SOCRATES: Imagine this: People live under the earth in a cavelike dwelling.Stretching a long way up toward the daylight is its entrance, toward which the entire … The history of nationalism in Britain was different from the rest of Europe.Britain has a different history of how it consolidated as a nation-state without uprisings and revolutions. 15. National feelings were widespread among middle-class German. The spread of the ideas of romantic nationalism in the Balkans together with the disintegration of the Ottoman Empire made this region very explosive. They mobilised public opinion to support its struggle against a Muslim empire. We have Provided The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Class 10 History MCQs Questions with Answers to help students … 20 After the French Revolution (1789) the right to vote was given to Nationalist groups in Europe had become increasingly incompatible with each other and were constantly in  conflict. The English  nation grew more in power and wealth, and it began to exert influence over the other nations  of the islands. Most important outcome of the French Revolution of 1789 was Otto von Bismarck: He was the architect of a Prussian consolidation that was also a form of German unification. Culture played an important role in creating the idea of the nation. He subsequently founded two more underground societies, first – Young Italy in Marseilles and then Young Europe in Berne, whose members were like- minded young men from Poland, France, Italy and the German states. The Napoleonic Code (d) Treaty of Lausanne, 10. Who was responsible *for the Unification of Germany? 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